Do Animals Go to Heaven? Medieval Philosophers Contemplate Heavenly Human Exceptionalism (Joyce E. Salisbury, 2014)

NOTE: In comparing the soul of man with that of animals, St. Gregory Palamas says that animals possess a soul not as essence, but as an energy. “The soul of each of the irrational animals is the life for the body it animates, and so animals possess life not essentially but as an energy, since this life is dependent on something else and is not self-subsistent.” Therefore since the soul of animals has only energy, it dies with the body. By contrast, the soul of man has not only energy but also essence [cf. 150 Chapters, ch 38].

Animals fight each other in a struggle for survival (Byzantine Imperial Mosaic)
Animals fight each other in a struggle for survival (Byzantine Imperial Mosaic)

The following article is taken from Athens Journal of Humanities & Arts, january 2014:

Animals fight each other in a struggle for survival (Byzantine Imperial Mosaic)
Animals fight each other in a struggle for survival (Byzantine Imperial Mosaic)
Hunters fighting wild animals (Byzantine Imperial Mosaic)
Hunters fighting wild animals (Byzantine Imperial Mosaic)
Animals fight each other in a struggle for survival (Byzantine Imperial Mosaic)
Animals fight each other in a struggle for survival (Byzantine Imperial Mosaic)

https://scottnevinssuicide.wordpress.com/2015/03/08/on-animals-blood-and-eating-meat-st-nikodemos-the-hagiorite/

Animals fight each other in a struggle for survival (Byzantine Imperial Mosaic)
Animals fight each other in a struggle for survival (Byzantine Imperial Mosaic)